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Railway freight terminal induced up regulation of commodity prices
Time:2014-09-24 15:31:04
According to the Xinhua News Agency reported, since May 20th, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Railways to rise in domestic railway freight transport price. In order to alleviate the pressure of fuel and labor costs, average freight railway freight tonne kilometers increased 1 points, or an average of 9.5%, the average tariff level has reached the domestic railway freight ton kilometers 11.51.
The expert thinks, railroad both public welfare and enterprise, maintain the profit is the ideal state, the current railway freight price increases, and the railway high liabilities, to a certain extent, can help reduce the loss of railway system. Although the market for rail freight price adjustment do not reflect the strong, but the iron and steel industry relies more on railway transportation industry has said the transportation cost rising pressure increasing.
According to the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Railways jointly issued "on the adjustment of railway freight transport price of notice", the freight price adjustment to the vehicle 7 tariff No., covering coal, grain, agricultural fertilizer, iron ore and so on many kinds of goods, which reflect the parties not.
In this regard, the Datong Qinhuangdao railway announced that preliminary estimates, by tariff hike, the company business income this year will increase by about 800000000 yuan.
Rate increase a direct impact on the steel industry. Secretary of the Shanghai iron and steel service industry association president Ye Liming think, the current iron and steel trade is in a recession, when freight rose a greater impact. Although the industry of the railway price adjustment is not a surprise, but the timing and magnitude of price is concerned, some enterprises "may bear".
In accordance with the railway freight transport name checklist, steel, cement, wood, coke, iron ore and other category accounted for a larger proportion of railway freight transportation, and these category freight rate rise to 13% to 14%. According to the insiders, the transportation of raw materials price adjustment is large, may still push up the cost of terminal of commodity circulation.
Although the railway freight prices increase the cost of transportation pressure, but from the relationship between supply and demand of freight market, the upward trend is difficult to reverse.
Professor of Tongji University Institute of railway and city track traffic Sun Zhang introduces, at present, the railway freight volume accounted for China total cargo volume of railway freight transport capacity 1/3, can only satisfy the 1/3 market demand, but also has the characteristics of railway freight transportation economy, punctuality, environmental protection and so on, this is the "reason" to the wagon.
But according to estimates, although the price, the price per ton kilometer railway freight transport up to 11.51 points, but compared to the highway freight, still only is 1/3 to 1/4, with the relative market advantage.
Sun Zhang thinks, in the long run, to reduce the overall cost of freight, rail freight capacity still needs expanding. With the Chinese High-speed Rail and inter city railway network continues to improve, the existing line of freight can be released to some extent, this to improve rail freight capacity put great help.
In addition, some experts also believe that, as a basic mode of transport, the optimization of the railway status of capital operation also requires a multi pronged, rely on a unified price instruction is not put things right once and for all "option".
According to 2011 statistical bulletin of national railway transportation, railway completed last year the total income 503580000000 yuan, grow 12.1% compared to the same period. The freight income 221110000000 yuan, a year-on-year growth of 10.7%, accounting for the total income of more than 40% railway transport. 
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